Diabetes Month, is observed each November to bring attention to diabetes and its impact on millions of Americans.World Diabetes Day is observed annually on November 14th to promote the importance of taking coordinated and concerted actionsto confront diabetes as a critical global health issue.
Diabetes is a group of diseases marked by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. Diabetes can lead to serious complications and premature death, but people with diabetes can take steps to control the disease and lower the risk of complications.
Type 1 diabetes: insulin dependent. Its risk factors are autoimmune, genetic, or environmental. Type 1 diabetes accounts for only about 5% of all diabetes cases.
Type 2 diabetes: occurs as a result of the body not utilizing insulin properly. It is usually noninsulin dependent and accounts for more than 90% of diabetes cases. Risk factors for these are: older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose metabolism, physical inactivity, and race/ethnicity. Type 2 diabetes is now being diagnosed in children and adolescents due to increasing incidence of obesity in children.
Gestational Diabetes: high level of blood sugar occurring during pregnancy. Risk factors are: race/ethnicity, obesity, family history of diabetes.
Pre-diabetes: a condition where the blood glucose level is higher than normal but not high enough to be considered type 2. Such people are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
How many Americans have diabetes and pre-diabetes?
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American Diabetes AssociationDiabetes CDCDiabetes Guide - Facts KCHDNational Diabetes Education Program - NDEPNational Diabetes Information Clearinghouse NIH
Diabetes Prevention and Lifelong ManagementRedesigning the Health Care Team publication NIH & CDCThis publication provides the following:
Diabetes Numbers At A GlanceGuiding Principles of Diabetes CareHelping the Student with Diabetes Succeed: A Guide for School Personnel