Diabetes Association Alert Day®,
observed annually on the
fourth Tuesday in March, is a one-day
wake-up call to inform the American
public about the seriousness of
diabetes, particularly when diabetes is
left undiagnosed or untreated.
Diabetes is a group of diseases marked
by high levels of blood glucose
resulting from defects in insulin
production, insulin action, or both.
Diabetes can lead to serious
complications and premature death, but
people with diabetes can take steps to
control the disease and lower the risk
Type 1 diabetes:
insulin dependent. Its risk factors are
autoimmune, genetic, or environmental.
Type 1 diabetes accounts for only about
5% of all diabetes cases.
Type 2 diabetes:
occurs as a result of the body not
utilizing insulin properly. It is
usually noninsulin dependent and
accounts for more than 90% of diabetes
cases. Risk factors for these are: older
age, obesity, family history of
diabetes, history of gestational
diabetes, impaired glucose metabolism,
physical inactivity, and race/ethnicity.
Type 2 diabetes is now being diagnosed
in children and adolescents due to
increasing incidence of obesity in
Diabetes: high level of blood
sugar occurring during pregnancy. Risk
factors are: race/ethnicity, obesity,
family history of diabetes.
a condition where the blood
glucose level is higher than normal but
not high enough to be considered type 2.
Such people are more likely to develop
type 2 diabetes.
How many Americans
have diabetes and pre-diabetes?
• 25.8 million Americans have
diabetes — 8.3 percent of the U.S.
population. Of these, 7 million do not
know they have the disease.
• In 2010, about 1.9 million
people ages 20 or older were diagnosed
• The number of people
diagnosed with diabetes has risen from
1.5 million in 1958 to 18.8 million in
2010, an increase of epidemic
• It is estimated that 79
million adults aged 20 and older have
pre-diabetes. Pre-diabetes is a condition
where blood glucose levels are higher
than normal but not high enough to be
called diabetes. Studies have shown that
by losing weight and increasing physical
activity people can prevent or delay
pre-diabetes from progressing to
This publication provides the
• an overview of the evidence that
supports team care as a
component of effective diabetes management
• practical information to help health
care professionals and
organizations incorporate team care into practice in a variety
• steps for forming and maintaining a
• eight case studies that demonstrate
real-world team care in
several different settings